In general, USDA organic products have strict requirements about production and labeling according so that they can make belief with customers. To be called organic food, it overcomes the following standard requirements:
First: it is produced in a special procedure without genetic technology, ionizing radiation or pesticides. All production methods will be checked carefully before issuing the certificate.
Second: it is produced by some dominated substances. It means it will limit using substances in growing. You can refer the National List or USDA organic regulations to collect enough which substance you can use.
Can a product be marked “organic” without having certification?
As refereed above, standard of organic food seems strict and clear. If you can prove that your product meets enough basic demand, you will be officially provide certification.
But having a question whether a product can be marked organic without having certification or not. The answer is “none”. If you want to claim that your ingredient is organic, you have to collect evidence to prove for your final product.
If not, you have not the right to use the USDA organic seal on the package officially anywhere. Or you only allow to show the ingredients in package.
There are three categories of labeling marked the product as below:
First, “100 percent organic” when the product contains 100% organic ingredients excluding salt and water. Like raw farm products, grain flours, rolled oats.
Second, “Organic” when the product contains a minimum of 95% organic ingredients excluding salt and water.
Third, “Made with organic…” when the product contains minimum 70% organic ingredients excluding salt and water.
There are some food which should be marked label with “organic” to be better for health:
Alcohol beverage: wine, beer or gas drink.
Food like: Honey, mushrooms, fresh fruit and vegetable.
Functional foods which are used as medicine.